Skip to main content
Try Wikispaces Classroom now.
Brand new from Wikispaces.
Pages and Files
I. Jaclyn Alfaro & Garrett Wilson
II. Elizabeth Crew & Madison Miller
III. Chantel McCallson & Aaron Seawell
IV. Jenna Durney & Jaime Montalban
IX. Chase Kranich & Cortney Millitello
V. Kayla Fukutomi & Calli Herzog
VI. Lauren Greenwood & Sara Rigney
VII. Teddy Sieberth & Nick Steele
VIII. Jaqueline Davis & Brain Yuen
VIII. Jaqueline Davis & Brian Yuen
X. Antoine Abinader & Kristy Russon
Add "All Pages"
VIII. Jaqueline Davis & Brian Yuen
Malnutrition and its Effects on the Body
Protein malnutrition: Insufficient intake of nitrogen-containing food (protein) to maintain a nitrogen balance or nitrogen equilibrium. Children are particularly prone to develop protein malnutrition. To grow, children have to consume enough nitrogen-containing food (protein) to maintain a positive nitrogen balance, whereas adults need only be in nitrogen equilibrium.[[#_ftn1|]]
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines malnutrition as "the cellular imbalance between the supply of nutrients and energy and the body's demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions." Malnutrition has two forms: protein malnutrition (kwashiorkor) and protein-calorie (marasmus) malnutrition. Marasmus has to do with an inadequate intake of protein the calories while Kawashiorkor includes inadequate protein intake with reasonable caloric, energy, and intake.
Kwashiorkor has more complex symptoms that Marasmus. edema, the increase of interstitial fluid in any organ — swelling[[#_ftn3|]], hypoalbuminemia, a medical condition where levels of albumin in blood serum are abnormally low and dermatitis[[#_ftn4|]], inflammation of the skin. [[#_ftn5|]]
Delayed wound healing.
Distinguishes Kwashiorkor from Marasmus
Massive edema of the hands and feet.
Dermatologic symptoms (desquamative rash, hypopigmentation).
Alopecia or hair discoloration.
Loss of muscle tone.
Anemia and low blood concentrations of albumin, glucose, potassium, and magnesium.
How is malnutrition treated? Treatment for malnutrition depends on the cause. You will need to work closely with your caregiver during your treatment. Treatment for malnutrition may include increasing the calories and nutrients in your diet.
You may need to increase the calories and nutrients in your diet by doing one or more of the following:
Eat large meals and snacks between meals.
Eat small meals often throughout the day if you have trouble eating large meals.
Eat or drink a nutrition supplement if you have trouble eating the right kinds and amounts of food.
You may need to take vitamin or mineral supplements if your body is low in vitamins and minerals. Your caregiver may treat you with medicines if you have a health problem that is causing your malnutrition.
If you cannot buy or prepare the right kinds of foods, talk to your caregiver. Ask for information about community programs that can help you.
Malnutrition's Effects on the Body
Different organs and bodily functions are effected by malnutrition. Sometimes these health issues can be reversed with therapy and better eating and nutrition habbits, but others cannot be reversed and stay with the person for the rest of their lives.
Certain foods contain the starting materials for some
. If a diet is deficient in certain precursors, the brain will not be able to produce some neurotransmitters. Neurological and mental disorders may occur when the balance of neurotransmitters is upset
Protein malnutrition can decrease brain weight which allows scientists to hypothesize that malnutrition may affect the excitatory and inhibitory interaction.
Zinc helps to prevent depression
shows some of the effects of malnutrition on the developing brain
Eyes, Ears, and Nose:
Vitamin A Deficiency can cause blindness
Lack of Vitamin B 2 causes visual problems such as burning, itching of the eyes, and sensitivity to light
Low Magnesium can cause cataracts
Diabetes can increase the chance of getting a detached retina
Zinc deficiency can cause taste and smell loss
Nervous System, Muscles, and Movement:
Lack of Vitamin B 1 can cause a loss of motor coordination and sometimes even paralysis
Lack of vitamin B 12 can cause causes blood disorders, pain and abnormal touch sensations and movement problems including weakness, degeneration of white matter in the cerebral hemispheres, optic nerves, spinal cord.
Lack of Vitamin E affects peripheral nerves and the nerve supply to muscle,which causes walking and balance problems
Magnesium and calcium are both needed for strong bones and healthy muscles
When lacking protein, inner organs cannot grow to normal size and cannot do their jobs efficiently ,especially for liver
lacking vitamins ,they could deteriorate ,leading to chronic diseases, cause cells develop and work depending on so many chemistry reactions that need special enzymes to support and catalyze
When severely under nourished, which causes dehydration, horrible blood clots are created in the brain. When the body is severely dehydrated the blood vessels turn to mush and then the kidney and liver crystallizes and shut down and then the heart stops
Babies born from mothers with poor nutrition can have some form of mental retardation or behavioral problems
In some cases there are not enough nutrients for the organs and brain to properly form
Lack of Zinc can cause brain defects in babies
A lack of Biotin can cause Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"